All tortoises should be examined by an exotic animal veterinarian both just after purchase, to ensure that husbandry and feeding requirements are being met, and annually to make sure tortoises stay healthy. In general, all tortoises carry some gastrointestinal parasites. Thus, their feces should be checked, and they should be de-wormed at least once. Proper preventative medicine, particularly with reptiles, whose health depends so much on their environmental conditions, is essential to helping ensure your tortoise’s well-being.
Above adapted with permission from the Zoological Education Network.
Larger species need penned off areas such as small rooms, screened in areas outside, or garages. Ensure all enclosures are safe from predators. Must have a secure, “night house” (i.e. wood box) for shade and safety. These houses may need radiant heaters during cooler nights.
Prevent accidental escapes by burying a foot of hardware cloth 8 inches deep around the perimeter of the outdoor area and placing at least a 2-foot high fence above ground.